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What Are the Signs of Depression - Know The Facts

Signs of Depression

Key facts

  • 5% of adults worldwide experience depression
  • 60% of people who have depression don’t receive treatment 
  • Rates of depression have increased in the last decade.  

Studies by WHO show that approximately 280 million people worldwide have depression. If you or a loved one has ever been experiencing persistent emotions of melancholy, despair, and diminished interest in formerly pleasant activities is likely depression. Depression can also induce physical changes in eating habits, sleep patterns, and energy levels.

At this point, you must understand that depression is not a manifestation of weakness or some deficiency in your character. Depression is a severe medical issue that needs medical attention. If you or someone around you suffers from depression, you must get treatment from a mental health expert. 

Depression treatment options include counseling and self-care practices such as exercise and stress management. However, depression symptoms are manageable, and the quality of life, with the correct therapy, is, thus, improvable. However, awareness is the first step toward healing. Thereby let's together understand the signs of depression, its causes, and treatment.

Am I Depressed? Knowing the Signs of Depression

Depression affects everyone differently. Let's dive into the most common cognitive, physical, and emotional symptoms of depression. If you think you have depression, reach out to a licensed therapist for depression. 

Cognitive Symptoms

When you're struggling with depression, it's not just your mood that's affected. Depression can also impact how you think and process information. These cognitive symptoms can make it challenging to handle daily tasks and can affect your overall quality of life. Understanding these symptoms is an important step in seeking help and finding effective coping strategies. Here are some common cognitive symptoms of depression:

  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Memory problems
  • Indecisiveness
  • Negative thoughts and pessimism
  • Slowed thinking and speech

It's important to remember that these symptoms are not a reflection of your abilities or intelligence. They are a result of the chemical imbalances in the brain caused by depression. Seeking support and treatment can help alleviate these cognitive symptoms and improve your overall well-being. If you're experiencing any of these symptoms, know that you're not alone, and seeking help is a brave and empowering step towards brighter days ahead.

Emotional Symptoms

Depression can impact many aspects of your life, including your emotions. It's crucial to recognize emotional symptoms of depression, as they can be a barrier to getting the help you need. Understanding these symptoms can empower you to seek the support and treatment that is right for you. Here are some of the emotional symptoms of depression:

  • Feelings of sadness or hopelessness
  • Loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed
  • Increased irritability or agitation
  • Persistent feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • Difficulty regulating emotions, including anger and anxiety

Dealing with emotional symptoms can feel overwhelming, but it's important to know that you're not alone. Help is available, and treatment can make a real difference in your mental health and quality of life. Whether that means seeking therapy or trying self-care practices, know that there are effective strategies available to cope with these emotional symptoms. Remember, depression is a treatable condition, and recovery is possible. You deserve support and care, and by taking steps toward healing, you are working towards living your brightest life.


Physical Symptoms

While the emotional and cognitive symptoms of depression are often discussed, it's vital to recognize that depression can also manifest physically. These physical symptoms can affect your day-to-day life and further disrupt your well-being. Understanding these symptoms is a critical aspect of seeking help and embarking on a path toward healing. Here are some common physical symptoms of depression:

  • Changes in appetite, leading to weight loss or gain
  • Persistent aches and pains without a clear physical cause
  • Fatigue and low energy levels
  • Disturbed sleep patterns, including insomnia or oversleeping
  • Digestive issues and stomach problems

Experiencing these physical symptoms can be challenging, and it's essential to remember that they are legitimate aspects of depression. Seeking support and treatment offers hope for relief and improvement. Whether it be through therapy, medication, or lifestyle adjustments, there are effective strategies to manage these physical symptoms. Remember, addressing physical symptoms as part of your overall mental health is an important step in living your brightest life. 

Major Depression Symptoms Unpacked

Depression will look different in every person it affects. Here we break down five of the most pervasive depression symptoms in-depth. Use this guide if you’re unsure if you are experiencing depression or not.

Co-Morbid Anxiety

Depression often co-occurs with anxiety, creating a challenging combination of symptoms. Co-morbid anxiety adds an extra layer of worry, fear, and unease to the depressive experience. For example:

  • Individuals with co-morbid anxiety and depression may constantly feel on edge, experiencing racing thoughts, restlessness, and an overwhelming sense of unease.
  • They may have difficulty relaxing or finding peace of mind due to persistent feelings of worry and tension.

Approximately 60% of individuals with depression also experience symptoms of anxiety. Co-morbid anxiety can intensify the severity and duration of depressive episodes, making it more challenging to treat.


Depression can manifest as irritability, causing individuals to become easily frustrated, agitated, and quick to anger. This emotional state can strain relationships and make it challenging to cope with daily stressors. For example:

  • Someone experiencing irritability due to depression may find themselves snapping at loved ones or becoming easily overwhelmed by minor inconveniences.
  • They may struggle to regulate their emotions and feel a constant sense of annoyance or agitation.

Irritability is a commonly reported symptom in individuals with depression, especially in men who may not express other symptoms. Irritability can have a significant impact on interpersonal relationships, leading to strained connections and increased social isolation.

Guilt and Low Self-Worth

Feelings of guilt and low self-worth are prevalent in depression, often leading individuals to blame themselves for their struggles and perceive themselves as unworthy or flawed. For example:

  • Someone with depression may constantly berate themselves, feeling unworthy of love, success, or happiness.
  • Guilt may arise from perceived failures or the belief that they are a burden to their loved ones.

These negative self-perceptions can contribute to a vicious cycle, reinforcing depressive symptoms and hindering recovery.

Remember, depression is a treatable condition, and seeking help is a crucial step towards living your brightest life. If you resonate with any of these symptoms, reach out to a mental health professional who can provide guidance, support, and effective treatment options tailored to your needs. 


When feeling hopeless, individuals with depression may experience a deep sense of despair and a belief that things will never get better. This feeling of hopelessness can permeate every aspect of life and make it difficult to find motivation or see a way forward. For example:

  • In real life, someone with depression may feel completely overwhelmed by their circumstances, unable to envision a future beyond their current struggles.
  • It may manifest as a lack of belief in their ability to overcome challenges or a constant sense of impending doom.

Depression can lead to a significant increase in suicide risk, with hopelessness being a major contributing factor.


Loss of Interest

A loss of interest, also known as anhedonia, is a common symptom of depression that involves a diminished ability to experience pleasure or interest in previously enjoyed activities. This can lead to a lack of motivation and withdrawal from social interactions and hobbies. For example:

  • Someone with depression may struggle to find joy in activities they once loved, such as spending time with friends, engaging in hobbies, or pursuing personal goals.
  • They may no longer feel inspired to try new things or explore different experiences.

Anhedonia can affect both the physical and social aspects of a person's life, leading to further isolation and a reduced sense of fulfillment.

Effects of Depression: Recognizing Signs of Depression in Everyday Life

Depression is not just an emotional battle; it can permeate every aspect of your life, affecting your physical health, relationships, job, and personal well-being. Recognizing the signs of depression and understanding its effects is a crucial step in seeking the support and tools you need to live your brightest life.

Physical Health

Depression can take a toll on your physical well-being, causing a range of symptoms that go beyond your emotional state. It can manifest in:

  • Low energy levels and fatigue: You may feel constantly drained and lacking the motivation to engage in daily activities.
  • Changes in appetite and weight: Some individuals may experience a loss of appetite, leading to weight loss, while others may turn to food for comfort, resulting in weight gain.
  • Sleep disturbances: Depression can disrupt your sleep patterns, causing insomnia or excessive sleeping.

These physical symptoms can further exacerbate the emotional burden of depression, making it even harder to cope with everyday life.


Depression can strain relationships with family, friends, and romantic partners, as it impacts your ability to connect and maintain healthy connections. Some effects may include:

  • Withdrawal and social isolation: You may find yourself pulling away from loved ones, feeling emotionally disconnected, and avoiding social activities.
  • Difficulty expressing emotions: Depression can make it challenging to communicate your feelings effectively, leading to misunderstandings and further isolation.
  • Increased conflict: Depressed individuals may also experience heightened irritability, leading to more frequent arguments and conflicts with others.

Job and Career

Depression can significantly impact your professional life, making it difficult to perform at your best and leading to potential career setbacks. Effects may include:

  • Decreased productivity and concentration: Depression can impair your ability to focus, make decisions, and meet deadlines, affecting your work performance.
  • Increased absenteeism: Struggling with depression may lead to frequent absences from work, causing strained relationships with colleagues and supervisors.
  • Loss of interest and satisfaction: Your motivation and passion for your job may diminish, leaving you feeling unfulfilled and disconnected in your career.

Personal Life

Depression reaches into the core of your being, affecting your self-worth, joy, and overall satisfaction with life. It can lead to:

  • Feelings of hopelessness and despair: Depression can create a pervasive sense of hopelessness, making it challenging to envision a future or see a way out of your struggles.
  • Loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities: Hobbies, passions, and personal pursuits may lose their appeal, further dampening your sense of enjoyment and fulfillment.
  • Negative self-perception: Depression often brings feelings of guilt, low self-worth, and self-blame, causing you to question your value and contribution to the world.

Recognizing the impact of depression on various aspects of your life is an essential step toward seeking help and finding effective strategies for improvement. Remember, there is hope. By reaching out to a mental health professional, building a support network, and exploring treatment options, you can take control of your life and embark on a journey toward healing and resilience. You deserve to live your brightest life filled with joy, fulfillment, and meaningful connections.

Self-Reflection Questions

It's important to approach this reflection with kindness and self-compassion. Here are some reflection questions to consider as you navigate this introspective journey:

  1. How have my moods and emotions been impacting my daily life? Do I often feel weighed down by a persistent sense of sadness or hopelessness?
  2. Have I noticed changes in my energy levels, sleep patterns, or appetite that seem to be lingering and affecting my overall well-being?
  3. Are there activities or hobbies that used to bring me joy, but now feel like an overwhelming effort or no longer hold any appeal?
  4. Have I experienced a loss of interest in socializing or connecting with loved ones, finding myself withdrawing or feeling emotionally detached?
  5. In what ways has my self-worth and self-image been influenced by my recent thoughts and feelings? Do I frequently experience feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or self-blame?
  6. How have my relationships with family, friends, or colleagues been impacted by my emotional state? Have there been noticeable changes in my interactions or ability to communicate?
  7. Reflecting on my work or school experiences, have I been struggling with focus, motivation, or finding satisfaction in my daily responsibilities?
  8. Do I find myself frequently experiencing physical symptoms like headaches, digestive issues, or unexplained aches and pains that seem to be linked to my emotional state?
  9. Have thoughts about death, dying, or a longing to escape from my current experiences been present in my mind more than usual?

Remember, these questions are meant to guide your self-reflection, not to diagnose. If you resonate with many of these experiences, reaching out to a mental health professional could provide the support and clarity you need. You're not alone in this journey, and there are pathways towards understanding, healing, and living your brightest life.

Curious if you experience depression symtpoms? Take our quick, online Mental Health Assessment. It’s been reveiwed by experts and will give you treatment options.


Acknowledging the presence of depression in your life or in the life of a loved one is a courageous and pivotal step. Remember, you are not defined by this challenge, and there is a path toward greater understanding, healing, and resilience. Seeking support from a compassionate therapist, building a network of understanding individuals, and exploring treatment options are vital steps toward living your brightest life. While this journey may have its obstacles, know that you are not alone. Together, we can illuminate the path forward, offering each other understanding, empathy, and an unwavering commitment to brighter days ahead. Contact us now to get started


Frequently Asked Questions

B vitamins, such as B-3 and B-9, can greatly benefit people with depression because they assist the brain in controling their mood. People going through seasonal depression can manage it with vitamin D, melatonin, and St. John's Wort. Additionally,  Omega-3 fatty acids, magnesium, and vitamin C may be potentially beneficial in treating depression.

Depressive episodes can often last from six to eight months, depending on the individual. While some people experience temporary depression, others may have depression on and off throughout their lives. Furthermore, distinct forms of depression can fade over time and are more transient.

Depression might impair somebody's capacity to process thoughts correctly. Moreover, it can impede a person's concentration and memory, as well as their ability to absorb information and make decisions. Depression  can also impair cognitive flexibility (the capacity to change one's objectives and tactics in response to changing circumstances) and executive functioning (the ability to do something step-by-step)

Untreated depression can affect physical health, which can lead to death in certain situations. Furthermore, in extreme situations, people suffering from depression may consider suicide. They may also turn to substance abuse as a part of self-medication, which can be fatal.

The behaviours linked with depression raise the risk of chronic and fatal illnesses. Coronary heart disease, obesity, diabetes, lung disease, osteoporosis, and cancer are some examples of these disorders.

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